United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
chaired by H. E. Mr. Michal Karlubík
All resolutions passed in the committees except for expert committees will be brought on and discussed in the general assembly. Main submitters and their sponsors will be asked to introduce the resolutions and will have to answer questions from the present delegates. Adverse effects and possible flaws of resolutions will be presented by opposing speeches. After consideration of the most important factors in the specific problems the resolutions adress, vote will be held. Each delegation present in the general assembly will have one vote. In order to pass the resolution through the general assembly a simple majority of delegations have to vote in its favour.
NON-PROLIFERATION OF KOREAN PENINSULA
Democratic People’s republic of Korea (DPRK) has become increasingly violent and dangerous concerning its foreign politics over the course of the last 11 years. Along with its threat of a nuclear bomb and its increasingly accelerating tests of such missiles, it is more than just a mere concern to the neighbouring countries. The UNSC has its fundamental purpose to secure peace and by any means to prevent war, however many members of the committee have several different views of how to deal with such an issue. There is a crisis, which will have to be dealt with at the BratMUN and so it is up to the honoured delegations to solve the danger of a nuclear threat to the world and to prevent an open conflict between the DPRK and the neighbouring countries.
In recent years we have seen technology evolve faster than ever before, beyond anything people just a hundred years ago could even dream of, thrusting the humanity in truly a brave new world. Artificial intelligence is, according to many, one of the most influential topics in today’s world. The question of AI seems to only possibly lead to two outcomes: Either a technological utopia or complete extinction of the human race. The CSTD will be discussing the future of artificial intelligence development and regulations to be placed on its development and thus lay the foundations to the decision that might change the future forever.
REGULATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES
The ever-rising threat of undetectable artificial intelligence and armed unmanned aerial vehicles, also known under the term drones, brings forth the question of containing its menace. Since the prospect of a weaponized UAV with the power to launch an immediate attack without any losses on the offending side is worrying for a considerable part of the world, the question of distributing licences for the use and development of the UAV is being addressed. The DISEC on BratMUN will be discussing legislative possibilities for the restrictions on the use of the UAV and the consequences of implementing such legislature.
PROMOTION OF EMPOWERMENT IN WOMEN'S EDUCATION AND LEADERSHIP
The past few years have witnessed immense progress in gender equality across the globe. However, the imperative for new solutions dealing with gender-based inequality has not diminished. The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women is committed to helping all the women and girls in the world overcome discrimination, marginalization, violence and poverty. The persisting lack of access to education and deliberate hindrance of opportunity has restrained the chances of countless women and in return, has deprived the world of promising world leaders. The UN Women committee at BratMUN will discuss the ways of promoting women’s education and leadership in hopes of advocating a world where success is achieved by People
MITIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
The impact of climate change can already be observed on the region of Sub Saharan Africa. Combined with the inability of the concerned countries to prepare for worsening of the situation, it imposes a tremendous risk of humanitarian and ecological crisis in the future. Therefore, the UNEP should discuss measures and instruments to help the region combat and prevent both current and emerging problems connected with the climate change.
REGULATION OF OFFSHORE BANKING
An offshore bank is a bank located outside the country of residence of its depositors, with most of its account holders being non-residents of the jurisdiction. Offshore finance is one of the few industries, along with tourism, in which geographically remote island nations can competitively engage. However, offshore bank accounts are sometimes less financially secure and have been associated with underground economy and organized crime, through money laundering and following September 11, 2001, have been accused of helping various organized crime gangs, terrorist groups, and other state or non-state actors. The ECOFIN committee sets a goal of preventing offshore accounts from having room for tax evasion and underground economy.
Protection of civilian human rights in the Middle East
With the ongoing Syrian civil war and the presence of many terrorist organizations and extremist groups threatening the safety of residents in the Middle East, a lot of people find themselves in immediate danger. Their basic human rights are often ignored in their home countries, on their way away from them and also in the countries they migrate to in an effort to find new safe haven. As the Universal Declaration of Human Rights from 1948 states, all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, with everyone having the right to life, liberty and security of person. The HRC at BratMUN will deal mostly with the possible ways of protecting the rights of populations in the Middle East and increasing their safety in their home countries, but also of the migrants leaving the region.
PREVENTION OF THE SPREAD OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
With globalization, epidemics are more easily spread than ever before. Therefore, it is essential for a global public health quality to systematically prevent the spread of infectious diseases by the outbreak monitoring and by flexible ways of the spread mitigation. In the early past, Ebola virus, Zika virus or “bird flu” epidemics lead to a death of thousands of people, showing off the weaknesses in a cooperation on the international scene. The problem gets even more urgent when the world is being challenged by the increasing number of resistant bacteria. WHO committee at BratMUN will deal with the possible ways of political and medicine-based prevention of epidemics to save millions of lives in the future.